Iran has always been a cradle of science. In the field of mathematics, Kharazmi in 12th century created the logarithm table and developed algebra. His books were published in Latin under the name of “De jebra et almucabola”. Khayyam in the 11th -12thcentury wrote the principles of algebra, general methods for solving cubic equations and even some higher orders, geometry (the theory of proportions).His work contributed to the eventual development of non-Euclidean geometry. In physics Alhazen in the 10thcentury is considered the father of optics and Biruni (10-11th century) was the first scientist who formally proposed that the speed of light is finite. Chemistry is another field filled with Persian pioneers. Jaber Ibn Hayyan (Geber) in the 8th century is considered the father of many discoveries recorded in an encyclopedia for European chemists of the 18thcentury. Even Tusi (13th century) stated a version of the law of conservation of mass claiming mass won’t disappear completely and only change forms. In Astronomy Biruni (10thcentury) wrote an astronomical encyclopedia about the possibility of earth rotating around the sun. Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (10thcentury) was the 1stto record a galaxy outside our own. It goes to show that Iran has never been short of thinkers and inventors and we can assure you will enter an environment of research and discovery.
Amirkabir University of Technology (AUT) was originally established in October of 1956. The initial core of the university was formed under the name “Tehran Polytechnic” in order to expand the activities of two technical institutes of the time: “Civil Engineering Institute” and the “Higher Art Center”. The first group of students was admitted in 1957 through an internal exam and AUT was officially founded by Habib Nafisi in 1958, with five engineering majors: Electronics and Electrical, Mechanical, Textile, Chemistry and Civil Engineering. After being appointed the president of AUT, in addition to some replacements among faculty members, Dr. Nafisi embarked on establishing the amphitheater, a restaurant, a sport ground and procuring laboratory facilities.
Dr. Mojtahedi, the principal at the renowned Alborz high school, was appointed the president of AUT in 1963. It is worth noting that the sacrifices of Mr. Nafisi through the painstaking process of establishing the university and the altruism of Dr. Mojtahedi in elevating the scientific level of AUT, earned it most of its fame and honor. After Dr. Mojtahedi, Dr. Bina held the president position for about a year and a half after which Mr. Nafisi returned to Iran from the U.S. and became the president for a second period. One of the contributions of Mr. Nafisi was developing a comprehensive history of AUT which was provided by some UNESCO experts whom he had invited.
After the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Tehran Polytechnic was named Amirkabir university of Technology in memory of Amirkabir Farahani, an outstanding figure in Iran’s contemporary history, who had resolved to expand and develop the pillars of technology and industry in Iran by founding the 1stTechnology Center (Darolfonoun) in 1851 in Iran. In order to comply with the cultural and scientific policies of the new sovereignty, AUT underwent major changes in its organization.